What Causes Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones symptoms may be experienced when an individual has deposits of minerals and acid salts that become very hard and develop within the kidneys. Often times these stones will dissolve themselves within the individual’s urine. However, what actually causes kidney stones is when the acid salts and the minerals do not dissolve. They may actually stick together and become solid, forming kidney stones that can be very painful. These are different from bladder stones because bladder stones develop when acid and minerals crystallize within an individual’s bladder. These complications often do not cause symptoms either.

Some common symptoms of kidney stones that many people may experience include pain in the side or in the rib area. The individual may also have a urge to urinate frequently and their urine may have a very strong odor. Pain may be experienced when the individual does urinate as well. Many of these symptoms are unique to bladder stones but these types of stones may actually cause urine leakage. People may also find blood in their urine if they have bladder stones. What is important to remember is that kidney stones are different than bladder stones. Actually, kidney stones may cause bladder stones. If the kidney stone moves down into the bladder and is not removed it may develop into a bladder stone.

Kidney stones are often diagnosed when the individual begins to develop pain as the stone is being passed through the ureter. However, if the person is having continual urinary tract infections then blood work may be done by their doctor. This blood work may show that the person is suffering from kidney stones. Bladder stones may be diagnosed if the person’s doctor feels his or her lower stomach. It may seem to be distended and this can be a sign of bladder stones. Both of these conditions may show up on an X-Ray or an ultrasound if someone is having complications. However, not all stones show up on an X-Ray.

Most kidney stones treatment options include that the person drinks a lot of water and remain active in order to help pass the stone on their own. This is often the case with bladder stones as well. But, there are times when more invasive measures will need to be taken. This often occurs when a kidney stone is too large to be passed or it is causing bleeding or kidney damage. In these situations extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy may be recommended and used. This is when shock waves are used to help break the stone apart so that it may be passed naturally. Bladder stones may need to be broken apart as well but this is generally done with a procedure called cystolitholapaxy. This involves a laser or a mechanical device that is inserted into the bladder in order to break the stone apart. Because of the seriousness, individuals should always speak to a doctor when they are suffering from kidney stones symptoms.

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    November 2014
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